According to the latest “Plant Extraction and Forestry Production” report released by the Brazilian Bureau of Geography and Statistics, the forest output value of 4,897 cities in Brazil reached 200.6 billion yuan (about 5.026 billion US dollars) in 2018. It grew by 8% in the previous year and grew for the third consecutive year.
Among them, the output value of forestry reached 16.3 billion yuan, accounting for 79.3% of the total output value, up 11.1% from 2017; while the value of plant exploitation was 4.3 billion yuan, down 2.7% from the previous year.
The report shows that compared with 2017, the number of municipalities that responded to the value of forest production increased by 60 last year.
According to Winicius Wagner, head of the Brazilian Bureau of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) report, last year’s total forest production value was 1.515 billion yuan higher than 2017, consolidating the industry’s third consecutive year of nominal growth. Among them, the highest proportion of output value is forest products, up 90.2%, up 8.5% from 2017.
The decline in plant extract output by 2.7% in 2018 is the third consecutive year of decline in the industry.
Wagner also pointed out that forestry charcoal products have the largest share of forest output growth, because the steel industry resumed its performance in 2017 and 2018, and the steel industry is the largest consumer market for these energy consumption.
In 2018, the output value of forestry charcoal was 4.1 billion yuan, which was 50.5% compared with 2017, and the annual output of charcoal increased by 18.9%.
Minas Gerais in the southeastern region concentrated 84.1% of forestry charcoal production in Brazil. The total output value of forestry and plant harvesting was 4.7 billion yuan, up 44.8% from the previous year, leading the country.
According to the report, in the 9.9 million hectares of trees planted in 3,488 cities in 2018, the area of planted forests increased by 1.3% to 13,800 hectares. About 70.2% of the area is concentrated in southeastern and southern Brazil, with eucalyptus trees having 76.2% of the planted forest area, reaching 7.5 million hectares; and pine trees having 2 million hectares.
According to the report, in the past 20 years, under the pressure of adjustment of the current laws and regulations in the producer market, industrial policies, international agreements and the market itself, the movement to replace timber harvesting products by community forestry began to emerge.
On the other hand, in 2018, the output value of non-wood harvesting products increased by 1.8% to 1.6 billion yuan, while the output value of food products increased by 4.1% to 1.3 billion yuan. Among them, Brazil’s plum acai (acai) has the highest output, reaching 222,000 tons, up 0.9% from 2017, with an output value of 592 million yuan and a growth rate of 2.5%.